I’ve had a lot of conversations with people who are considering joining or starting house churches. One of the odd realities of the house church movement in the United States is the belief that apostles (sometimes also referred to as “workers”) are needed to start legitimate house churches. I hear this a lot, but I believe it’s harmful.
So I will fairly often get a question that goes something like this: “I live in ___________ City. I don’t have a group believers who want to start a house church and no apostle will come help me. What should I do?”
I understand why people would look at the Scriptures and think that apostles are the only ones who start churches. But it’s a fairly odd belief for a movement that has based much of its identity around the idea that Jesus shows up wherever “two or three are gathered.” If Jesus meant this, and I believe He did, then church begins when two or three legitimate believers gather in his name, not when an apostle shows up to pronounce them a church.
Now don’t get me wrong, I think apostles are incredibly important, essential really, to the building up of the body of Christ. I also think that apostles do plant churches and probably plant more churches than people with other giftings in the body. It’s part of their nature. But to say that an organic church must be started by an apostolic worker is a great way to get less house churches started.
An argument could be made here that more house churches could be started without apostles, but they would be of lesser quality, less focused on the glory of God and more prone to be outside of what the Lord intended. Except the Scripture doesn’t paint that picture. Here a few places where it seems that Scripture shows us hints of non-apostolicly founded churches:
- Acts 2:42-47- This is the Jerusalem church that was birthed after the Holy Spirit fell on the 120 in the upper room. Now I won’t argue that the apostles didn’t help form the house churches described in this passage, obviously they were a vital part of the community. But they were 12 men out of 3000 people. There was no way the apostles could have spent a significant amount of quality time with each house church there, especially not in the way many understand the modern apostle/worker starting a house church.
- Acts 11:19-21- Here is a church or a number of churches (“a large number of people”) that was formed by “those who were scattered because of the persecution.” We know that this doesn’t include the apostles, because Acts 8:3 tells us the only people who stayed in Jerusalem were the apostles. Now, apostles were eventually involved. I think apostolic input into any church is important. But this church started when believers scattered by the persecution started preaching the gospel and people came to the Lord.
- Colossians 1:7- The church in Colossae was started not by Paul, but by Epaphras. Paul had never been to Colossae but wrote his letter to them to encourage them in their walk. I would actually argue Epaphras was an apostolic worker, but if you want to get super technical about it, Paul never calls him that.
- Revelation 2 & 3- Again, we don’t know a lot about most of the churches mentioned in Revelation 2 and 3 other than the church in Ephesus. What we do know is that Paul started the church in Ephesus, but other unnamed believers started the churches in Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philladelphia, and Laodecia. These were most likely churches that were established as the Gospel went out from Ephesus into all of the region. These were all affirmed as churches by Jesus himself, even though Paul only planted the church in Ephesus.
I say all of this to make the following point: If you can’t find an apostolic worker to help you start a house church, you are not abandoned by God. Quite the contrary, you could be a vessel the Lord uses to lead unbelievers to Christ and see a church formed. This is why I want you to plant a house church.
And given what we see in many of these Scriptures, I think it’s very appropriate for apostles to help with the ongoing maturing and equipping of house churches they didn’t start. Part of their role as a bond-servant of Christ is to serve churches in just such a manner. Paul tells us explicitly in Ephesians 4 that God “gave some as apostles…for…the building up of the body of Christ.” So to say we don’t need apostles would be silly.
But to despair, to give up hope, to stop believing God for the formation of churches without an apostle ready and willing to help is just not what I see in the New Testament. I see a whole people learning to follow Christ and willing to risk even their physical lives to share the gospel with those who have never heard it. And when those souls come to Christ, there should be no wringing of hands because no apostle is present. There is simply a confidence that the God who has led them this far would continue to empower and sustain them.
And in this way, we don’t just gain apostles, but we embody the kind of apostolic Christianity I believe God wants to restore in the Earth. May it be so, even for those who are reading this today.
The church in the West is at a crossroads. Beset on every side by dangers from the outside (political and social pressure) and dangers on the inside (immorality, legalism, heresy, etc.), it’s become increasingly clear that we cannot remain where we are and be faithful to Jesus, let alone be effective….Instead of going left, right, or beyond, we have the option of going back. Going back, you ask? Go back to what? The answer is to go back to the original design Jesus has for His church. The design is not complicated, it is not hidden, but it is often neglected. When we return to Christ and His original design for His church, powerful things begin to happen… This design for God’s church is what I call “apostolic Christianity.”
And with that, I began the first of a series of posts describing what I believe is apostolic Christianity. These posts started being written in 2014 and have only finally all been written and posted. You can find the complete collection of apostolic Christianity articles below:
Over the last sixteen years or so, I’ve been on a journey to understand how Jesus builds His church.
If this feels like a strange pursuit, understand that I believe Jesus builds His church in a much different way than we think. Church As We Know It (CAWKI) is much different than Church As God Wants It (CAGWI). There is a difference between the church that exists and the church operating as God designed it. As I’ve pursued an understanding of how Jesus builds His Church it’s become incredibly clear that the gift of apostleship* is a crucial element in the process.
Very few know and understand what it looks like for an apostle to operate in the body of Christ. For us to recognize and accept apostles in the church, it’s important to know how that gift functions. I see many people struggling to embrace the gift that God gives first to His church because they don’t understand how it operates.
Why this ministry is so vitally important and seemingly irreplaceable is best answered by describing the apostle as the custodian of Apostolic Genius and of the gospel itself. All subsequent apostolic ministry models itself on the archetypal ministry of the original, and authoritative, apostles. This is to say that he/she is the person who embeds mDNA**. And once the mDNA is embedded in local communities, apostolic ministry works to ensure that the resultant churches remain true to it and that they do not mutate into something other than what God intended them to be. As well as pioneering new churches, the apostolic ministry lays foundations in those that have none. The circuit riders of the American West were classic examples of this. They rode out to small towns and small population zones, preached the gospel, brought people to Christ, established churches, and then went on to the next town, only to return the following year on their circuit. The apostles of the Chinese church operated in precisely the same way.
-Alan Hirch, The Forgotten Ways, pages 153-154
Crucial to the founding and health of the church is this unique individual called the apostle. What drives them? What do they do? Why do they do it? We can see from the lives of the 12 apostles, Paul, and the other apostles mentioned in the New Testament an outline of what drove these believers:
They Were Restless Gospel Exporters- The very word apostle means “sent one” and implies travel. In Romans 15:20-24 Paul articulates a desire to plant where no one has heard the gospel. That apostolic impulse will take him first to Rome (to encourage the church) and then on to Spain. He never stayed in a place for long and always desired to be sharing the gospel and starting churches wherever the church wasn’t. You could say the apostle doesn’t see where the church is but where the church isn’t. Paul received this impulse from Jesus Himself (Mark 1:38). Jesus commanded his original apostles (and the whole church) to be focused on the Great Commission moving outward in the Earth (Acts 1:6-8, Matthew 28:18-20). Look for apostles to constantly be mobilizing the church to reach beyond its circle and touch people who are far from God. Don’t expect them to be tied to one place over long periods of time.
They Were Architects- In 1 Corinthians 3:9-11, Paul refers to himself as a master builder and one who laid a foundation for the house God was building. We see in this in the ministry of the apostle Paul or the original apostles whose teaching was the cornerstone of the church of Jerusalem (Acts 2:42). In many ways, this meant that apostles were the initial leader in an area, bringing people to the gospel and discipling them. Christ as the only foundation is a central theme in Paul’s letters and it is apostolic in nature to bring the church’s attention back to Christ alone.
This architectural function also extended beyond just the preaching of the gospel to helping the church find healthy rhythms of life that enabled the life of the church to function and flourish. As one apostolic leader shared, “the goal is to love as many people as well as possible.” This occurs through a strategic mixture of teaching and modeling.
They Were Spiritual Parents- Far from the CEO model of much of modern Christianity, the apostles were spiritual parents to those they led to Christ. This wasn’t a statement of relational superiority, but a genuine description of how apostles related to the church. Hear the words of Paul: “For even if you had ten thousand others to teach you about Christ, you have only one spiritual father, (1 Corinthians 4:15)” and “Oh, my dear children! I feel as if I’m going through labor pains for you again, and they will continue until Christ is fully developed in your lives, (Galatians 4:19)” and “As apostles of Christ we certainly had a right to make some demands of you, but instead we were like children among you. Or we were like a mother feeding and caring for her own children. We loved you so much that we shared with you not only God’s Good News but our own lives, too (1 Thessalonians 2:7-8).”
Apostles functioned in the love of parents for the new believers they discipled and formed into churches. This motivated apostles to care for the churches in a sacrificial way. They were concerned with the church functioning as a family and organized the church as a family where all belong and are accepted, rather than a meeting where one person functions in their gifting.
These were the motivations that drove apostles to function and operate in a way that strengthened the entire church of the first century. Because apostles moved from place to place, preaching the Gospel, establishing churches, loving and raising to maturity individuals and the churches they started, the church in the New Testament grew at an exponential rate. When the church welcomes and accepts the role of apostle within the body again, we will see a return to this kind of exponential growth.
Obviously not everyone is an apostle or should try to function like one. But for the body of Christ to reach maturity, the gift of apostleship is important. When we welcome the service of apostles, along with prophets, evangelists, shepherds and teachers, we will see the body begin to “come to such unity in our faith and knowledge of God’s Son that we will be mature in the Lord, measuring up to the full and complete standard of Christ, (Ephesians 4:11-13).” I would invite you to ask God how you can learn from and relate to all of these giftings so that you and your church can grow up into the mature stature Christ has called us to.
*Whenever I speak of apostles or prophets, people are often concerned I’m speaking of people with the authority add to the cannon of Scripture. My view of apostles and prophets does not include any role of adding to Scripture.
**Hirsch uses the phrase mDNA to describe missional DNA. According to Hirsch, “what DNA does for biological systems, mDNA does for ecclesial [church] ones. DNA in biological life is found in all living cells, codes genetic information for the transmission of inherited traits beyond that of the initiating organism, is self replicating, and carries vital information for healthy reproduction, (The Forgotten Ways, page 283).”
Simple Church Europe just released its findings of its latest survey. The survey is an attempt by the leaders of the organization to uncover meaningful trends in the house church movement in Europe. You can get the full survey by following by jumping to their website here.
I won’t quote much of the 21 page report because, though it won’t cost you any money, Simple Church Europe does want you to download the report straight from their site. It’s important to look at their conclusions because the United States is quickly becoming a post-Christian nation, much like Europe. Their findings will greatly help us in the future.
The report actually breaks down three types of house church networks that exist in Europe:
- (a) Apostolic networks: simple church groups started by an apostolic worker ‘straight in the harvest’, mostly along the lines of the instructions Jesus gave his disciples in Luke 10 (planting a new simple church group in a household/social circle instead of inviting people to an existing church meeting). These networks are primarily made up of new believers who just heard about Jesus, are being discipled, and win others to plant new groups.
- (b) Bridge networks: simple church groups made up of existing Christians who intentionally seek to be ‘missional’. They try to build relationships with non-believers, often using conventional forms of evangelism and a ‘come to us’ approach.
- (c) Christian networks: simple church groups formed by existing Christians who mainly seek a more relational and participatory alternative for conventional church. These groups tend to be inward-focused and sometimes reactionary: seeing their way of church as more biblical and healthy than the churches they come from.”
Not surprisingly, apostolic networks grew at a faster rate than Bridge networks and Christian Networks (which as best as I can determine are more like small groups that have a larger meeting once a week). Apostolic networks see house church groups dissolve at a slightly higher rate as well. The most encouraging finding, however, is that apostolic networks see the highest number of conversions among people from previously non-Christian backgrounds.
What this points to is that fact that Luke 10-style church planting (Person of Peace, building on relationships around that person of peace, etc.) is both risky and incredibly rewarding for the Kingdom. Not surprisingly, the authors of the study suggest that bridge networks and Christian networks learn from the apostolic networks in a way that causes Kingdom expansion.
What does that mean for us? No research of this kind has been done in the United States, but these stories seem familiar from what I’ve seen in the house church movement in the United states. All three types of networks exist here and are growing. The major difference between our context and Europe is Europe’s population is much more secular than ours.
I think one of the major points this report emphasizes is the need to learn from apostolic workers who are building house church networks accoridng to the Luke 10 principle. Everywhere I see significant Kingdom expansion happening in the house church movement, this seems to be the model.
I think this report also highlights the tendency of churches that are not started out of the harvest to draw on already existing relationships with believers or those with a Christian background to fill our churches. We definitely want a place for everyone to belong and be equipped. But if our concern is for the harvest then those starting house churches among primarily Christians (myself included) need to adjust our models and strategies for church planting in the future. We want to avoid doing ministry that only attracts Christians and focus on those activities that are bringing lost individuals to Jesus.
This also highlights a great need however in the house church-community-at-large. That need is for those with apostolic and evangelistic giftings to seriously consider training and equipping others. Without more apostolic and evangelistic giftings functioning in and training our house churches, we will continue to draw people but we may not impact the Kingdom significantly. This will also require a significant amount of humility on the part of existing house churches, because until now many house churches have been reluctant to accept this kind of help.
I would love to know what you think. Does this survey reflect your experience with house churches in the United States? If you are participating in a non-apostolic house church network, are there changes that need to be made to grow in apostolic methods? What are the hindrances to that? Jump to the survey here, read it, and come back and let me know your thoughts.
If you’re looking for more information on the house church movement in the United States you can check out my previous post on house church stats here or pick up the book Missional House Churches, by J.D. Payne (Amazon Affiliate Link).
Every week here at Pursuing Glory I try to bring together the best posts I’ve found that will equip the end-times church to operate in her God-ordained destiny. These are the best blogs, articles, books and other resources related to our purpose here at this site. Feel free to visit, comment, and make use of the resources found at each site.
I’m super excited for this week’s Food For Thought. I found a blog by Kevin Matthews who we’ve featured here before that I feel captures the essence of what we’re working towards here at Pursuing Glory. I don’t know that I’ve seen a prophecy like this anywhere before and its accuracy is amazing. You can read more about the man gave the prophecy here. The spirit of the prophecy, I believe, is the aim of all the posts featured here and what we contend for here at Pursuing Glory.
A New Move of the Spirit Kevin and Lorna’s Daily Devotional features a prophecy by Smith Wigglesworth about a move of the Spirit after the charismatic movement and the church planting movements. It describes exactly what we’re believing for.
Tim Keller on Movements Steve Addison @ Movements That Change The World does a nice job of condensing a post by Tim Keller on the nature of movements. Any serious movement should wrestle with his thoughts.
Thursday is for Thinkers: Rice Brooks on the Evangelist and the Missional Church Missional guy and evangelism guru Ed Stetzer hosts a guest post on his blog by Rice Brooks about the necessity of evangelists to the missional church. Much needed wisdom at Ed Stetzer’s blog.
Why Simple Churches Don’t Work #7 Ross spends a post looking at how lack of apostolic ministry hinders house churches. This issue needs addressing. You can see this and other hindrances at thejesusvirus.
Why compliments help in planting a simple/organic/house church Felicity Dale looks at the Luke 10 principle of pronouncing peace on houses you enter. This is an often missed part evangelism in the West. More at SimplyChurch.
“The gospel that the first century apostles preached was one of Christ’s lordship and God’s pure and unfailing grace in Him. Paul of Tarsus, for example, did not forge people together with rules, religious duty, or legalism. Instead he preached a gospel of grace so high and so powerful that it kicked down the gates of hell–setting the Jew free of religious duty and the Gentile free of immorality. His was a double-barreled, two-fisted gospel.”
Neil Cole is blogging about who the Bible says should receive full time support from the church here, here, and here. This is a huge issue that needs to be addressed, especially in light of the current financial crisis which is now hitting churches everywhere. Neil is brilliantly simple and able to cut to the heart of a matter. I highly recommend checking it out!